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Op-Ed: The lure and limits of advertising

Author Yohel Socarrás-Cobián is Puerto Rico District Director of SCORE, a resource partner of the U.S. Small Business Administration.

Advertising is a basic and valuable marketing tool for any small business. But developing and placing an ad does not mean it will immediately generate more sales.

Successful advertising requires a lot of research into the various options available—print, broadcast, Web, direct mail, etc.—and whether their potential results are worth the investment. In other words, people may see your ad, but will they respond to it?  And are they the audience you want to reach in the first place?

Before you spend your hard-earned money on advertising, you’ll want to understand what to realistically expect from them. Only then should you draw up a plan for moving ahead.

Ads can do the following:

  • Attract new customers, prospects and leads.
  • Encourage existing customers to spend more on your product or service.
  • Build credibility, establish and maintain your “brand” or unique business identity, and enhance your reputation.
  • Inform or remind customers and prospects of the benefits your business has to offer.
  • Promote your business to customers, investors or others and slowly build sales.

But here’s what advertising probably cannot do:

  • Create an instant customer base.
  • Solve your cash flow or profit problems by producing an immediate sales windfall.
  • Cure poor or indifferent customer service.
  • Create benefits that don’t really exist or sell products and services that nobody wants.

In short, advertising won’t guarantee quick sales for your product or service by itself, but it will get you noticed, if you do it right. That means you must know, as precisely as possible, the demographics of your target audience and craft a precise message about your product or service that will touch them. You must give customers a compelling reason to call, visit your website or stop by your business.

Other considerations include what your ad looks like, and the context in which it appears. Attempts to be clever may back fire, while something too simple may be overlooked. How often your ad appears is also important. Depending on your goals, a one-time placement may not be enough. When your ad appears many times in many places, there’s a better chance your prospective customers see it. Just make sure the cost of multiple placements fits your advertising budget.

To get more advice to improve your small business, contact SCORE, America’s free and confidential source of small business mentoring and coaching. SCORE is a national nonprofit association of more than 12,000 business experts who volunteer as mentors.

SCORE Puerto Rico provides free counseling to local entrepreneurs.  Experienced business executives with a wide variety of business backgrounds donate their time to help businesses.  Counseling is available face-to-face and by other means.  Give us a call us at 787-766-5001 and make an appointment to see us. You can also visit our national interactive website at www.score.org.

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This story was written by our staff based on a press release.

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